Malignanr myopia in school age pupils and university students in Split

In our work we tried to obtain reliable facts about the frequency and characteristics of malignant myopia the population of school children and students in Split. The population of school children and students were examined, and a group of high myopia was excluded. Refraction anomaly was observed in the examined population in 15.76% examinees, and malignant myopia was found in 0.088% patients. Malignant myopia has a similar occurrence in both sexes. 10% patients with malignant myopia had difficulties with child birth, 21% had difficulties with reading, a good average success at school (grade 3.8), 7.8 had repeated a year, and the average age of the beginning of wearing glasses is 5.3 years. The average dioptric value in our patient was 13.24 Dsph, and there were corresponding additional changes in the macula in 65% of patients. Visual acuity with correction is worsening with aging. All the patients used spectacles as a correction aid, but better correction was obtained by using contact lenses (83.3%).Nine patients (23.6%) of those with malignant myopia who used spectacles falls into the first category of persons with bad sight, according to the categorisation of blindness and bad sight of the World Health Organisation. Due to the frequency, peculiarities and relatively late discovery of malignant myopia, it is necessary to notice more carefully on time the importance that malignant myopia has, not only for medical, epidemiological but also for the early education of those with poor sight , by socialisation and help with choosing a career.
Category: Original scientific paper
Volume: Vol. 50, No 1, january - ma 2006
Authors: Ž. Kovačić, M. Ivanišević, R. Stanić, V. Ćapkun
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