The association between selected factors and attitudes of pregnant women towards vaccination

The objective was to investigate knowledge, awareness and attitudes towards vaccination of pregnant women in relation to selected factors. An additional objective was to investigate differences in characteristics of pregnant women who are for and against vaccination, and investigate which sources pregnant women used to get information on vaccination. A questionnaire assembled according to the guidelines of the Sage Vaccine Hesitancy Working Group was used for the quantitative part of the study. The study included pregnant women presenting for regular check-ups to the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Mostar University Hospital. A focus group consisting of eight pregnant women from the Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics was used as a method for the qualitative part of the study. The sample size in the study group was 100 subjects. The majority of subjects, 90 of them (90%), had positive attitude towards vaccination, whereas ten (10%) women considered vaccination unnecessary. A significant number of subjects, 71 of them (71%), believed that pharmaceutical companies produced safe and effective vaccines. The subjects who considered vaccination useful used professional literature as their source of information. The subjects who did not believe the writings against vaccination were less worried about the side effects of vaccination. In conclusion, selected factors such as expecting the first child, living in the city and higher level of education were associated with positive attitude towards vaccination and higher level of concern about side effects of vaccination, but the difference was not statistically significant. Healthcare professionals and professional literature play an important role for pregnant women in making the decision to accept vaccination. A statistically significant number of pregnant women stated that their decision to vaccinate their children was not influenced by the media. Pregnant women who did not believe in the anti-vaccination articles were statistically significantly less concerned about vaccine side effects. Improvement of communication between healthcare professionals and pregnant women is necessary to increase vaccination coverage. Key words: ASSOCIATION; ATTITUDE; PREGNANT WOMEN; VACCINATION
Category: Original scientific paper
Volume: Vol. 64, No 3, july - september 2020
Authors: Darjan Franjić, Ivana Franjić, Jelena Ravlija
Reference work: Paediatr Croat. 2020;64:180-6

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