Factors influencing exclusive breastfeeding for six months and continuation of breastfeeding

The prevalence of breastfeeding, exclusive and in total, with the well-known and recognized benefits for the mother, child and community, is not satisfactory in Croatia (and in the world) when considering the WHO/UNICEF recommendations. The aim of the study was to determine data on exclusive breastfeeding for six months and breastfeeding in total for a period of 12 months and longer, and to analyze factors affecting the duration of breastfeeding. Online survey data were collected from members of the Facebook groups gathering mothers from the Bjelovar-Bilogora County on the duration of exclusive breastfeeding and breastfeeding with complementary feeding, and on sociodemographic and other factors considered by the literature as important for the duration of breastfeeding. The data were processed by descriptive statistics methods, the significance of differences and correlations of certain variables were analyzed by nonparametric methods, and a model of prediction of categorical outcomes was performed on exclusive breastfeeding for six months and for breastfeeding with complementary feeding for 12 and more months with binominal logistic regression. In the group of respondents, the percentage of mothers who were exclusively breastfeeding for six months and breastfeeding with complementary feeding for 12 months and more was over 60%. Among the factors found to affect significantly the duration of exclusive breastfeeding were maternal age at the time of childbirth, maternal and paternal level of education; total duration of breastfeeding was significantly influenced by these variables and the experience of pregnancy courses. The significance of differences is reported for particular categories of study variables; logistic regression distinguished the most important predictors of successful exclusive breastfeeding (age at birth after 25 years) and breastfeeding in total (maternal level of education). The duration of exclusive and total breastfeeding significantly correlated with each other. Key words: BREAST FEEDING
Category: -> Uncategorised
Volume: Vol. 63, No 3, july - september 2019
Authors: Marija Čatipović, Sandra Hodžić
Reference work: Paediatr Croat. 2019;63:105-12
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13112/PC.2019.25

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