Necrotizing enterocolitis – three case reports and literature review

Necrotizing enterocolitis is a life-threatening gastrointestinal disease of newborns. Although the disease pathogenesis has not yetbeen elucidated, it is considered to be multifactorial. The major risk factors for the disease onset are prematurity and low birth weight.The diagnosis is based on clinical features complemented by radiological and laboratory fi ndings. Treatment modality depends onthe severity of clinical features and stage of the disease. In most cases, symptomatic and antimicrobial treatment is suffi cient, withlaboratory and radiological monitoring. Newborns with a severe form of the disease and intestinal perforation require urgent surgicaltreatment. To bring this situation closer, we present three patients treated at the Zagreb Children’s Hospital in 2016.
Keywords: necrotizing enterocolitis, pneumatosis intestinalis, newborns, paediatric surgery

Category: -> Uncategorised
Volume: Vol. 62, No 2, April - June 2018
Authors: Marko Bašković, Božidar Župančić, Andrija Car, Stjepan Višnjić, Davor Ježek
Reference work: Paediatr Croat. 2018;62:89-95

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