Premature twins with acute renal injury – it is not always what it seems to be: case report

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill premature infants. They are more susceptible to renal injury than older infants andchildren because of the functional and developmental immaturity of neonatal kidney. There is no unifi ed defi nition for neonatal AKI.AKI in neonates is often multifactorial and may result from prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal insults as well. Serum creatinine (SCr)concentration at birth is similar to the mother’s value. We present a case of prematurely born twins who were admitted to thepaediatric intensive care unit because of AKI. Laboratory examination showed equally elevated levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN)and SCr and metabolic alkalosis in both twins. High values of BUN and SCr were the result of the mother’s unrecognized renaldisease. On the seventh postnatal day, SCr and BUN in twins were within the normal ranges. In all cases with high SCr levels inneonates in the fi rst 72 hours after birth, it is mandatory to check the mother’s renal function.Key words: acute kidney injury; infant; premature; uraemia
Category: -> Uncategorised
Volume: Vol. 61, No 4, october - december 2017
Authors: Ivona Butorac Ahel, Ana Milardović, Kristina Lah Tomulić, Arijan Verbić, Sanja Flajšman Raspor, Đurđica Košuljandić, Ivana Štrk Romić
Reference work: Paediatr Croat. 2017;61:183-6

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