Atelectasis in the childhood

A total of 35 children aged 0 to 14 years (23 male, 12 female) with atelectasis were examined. Most of them (60 %) were younger than 3 years. Main symptoms in those children were cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, cyanosis and fever. Atelectasis occured under variety circumstances: asthma (45 %), infiltration (34 %), tuberculosis, neuromuscular diseases, bronchiolitis and bronchiectases. Most patients (26/35) had atelectasis in the right lung, 7 patients in left lung and only two patients had atelectasis on both sides. Normal bronchoscopic finding occured in 23 patients, narrowed bronchies in 6 patients, mucus plugging in 5 patients and compresion of bronchus in one patient. Management of atelectasis was directed toward the underlying cause: physical therapy, inhalation of bronchodilataors, secretolytics, antiobiotics or antituberculotics, bronchoscopic removal of the mucus.
Category: Review
Volume: Vol. 43, No 2, april - june 1999
Authors: M. Raos, S. Bela Klancir, S. Dodig, K. Kovač
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