The first issue appeared in October 1956 under the name BILTEN (Bulletin), then as ARHIV ZA ZAŠTITU MAJKE I DJETETA (Archives of Maternal and Child Care). The main task of the journal was to inform pediatricians and physicians of all specialties involved in children's care on the fundamental problems of the profession as well as on up-to-date scientific advances in the field of maternal and child care.

Since 1993, the journal has been united with the journal JUGOSLAVENSKA PEDIJATRIJA to become the official periodical of the Croatian Pediatric Society, Croatian Society of School and University Medicine, and Croatian Societies of Pediatric Orthopedics, Pediatric Surgery, Ophthalmology, Intensive Medicine, Psychology and Psychiatry, then changing its name into PAEDIATRIA CROATICA. It is a scientific-professional journal publishing original scientific papers, review articles and professional papers on the child's development, pathology and health care, from prenatal period to full biological, mental and social maturity. The papers appear in Croatian language with a summary in English or in English with a summary in Croatian; particular issues are printed exclusively in English language. Abstracts from the Croatian Pediatric Society and Croatian Society of School and University Medicine conferences are printed as the journal supplements. A supplement containing lectures held at the Croatian Spring School of Pediatrics is printed every year.